Travel Tips

Location
Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China; on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by Bangladesh and India. It is located between latitudes 09°32’N and 28°31’N and longitudes 92°10’E and 101°11’E.
 

Area 
The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometers (261,228 square miles) ranging 936 kilometers (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometers (1,275 miles) from north to south.

Population : 60 million (2010 census).



Climate
The  climate of  Myanmar is  dominated by tropical  climate with  three general seasons.

( 1 )  The  rainy  seasons from mid -  May to mid  –  October  with  average            temperatures 25 -30 C.

( 2 ) The  cool seasons ( Winter ) from mid - October to mid -  February with average temperature 20-24C and    Kalaw ( South –  West of Shan State )  and Kyaing Tong (Eastern Shan State),day/night time temperature is only around 10C/5C in Winter.        

( 3 ) The hot season (summer) from mid-February to mid-May with average temperatures 30 – 35 C. The best time to visit Myanmar is from October to mid-May.

International Flights 
Yangon has direct air-links with Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Kolkata,Vietnam, Chaingmai and Kumming.

The Myanmar Airways  International,  Thai Airways,  Bangkok Airways,  Silk Air, Malaysia  Airline,  Indian Airline, Vietnam Airlines, China southern Airlines,  China Eastern Airlines,  Air Asia, Air Mandalay, Air Bagan and Air China operated scheduled flight in and out of Yangon.

China Eastern Airlines fly to Mandalay. Air Bagan fly Yangon-Chiang Mai-Yangon. All the international Flights use  Yangon as  gate  way  with  the  exception of  China Eastern Airlines use Mandalay & Yangon International airport            ( Kumming – Mandalay – Kumming ) ( Kumming – Yangon – Kumming )

 



 

Time
GMT + 6 ½ hours

Electricity
Voltage: 220/ 230 volts AC, 50Hz; two-pin flat plugs are in use.



 

Main Airports

 

Yangon International Airport
Airport Code: RGN
Location: The airport is situated 16km (10 miles) northwest of Yangon
Ground Transport: Metered Taxis are available.
Facilities: There are a few restaurants and bars available.

Mandalay International Airport
Airport Code: MDL
Location: The airport is situated 35 km (21 miles) east of Mandalay, approximately an hour's drive from the city center.
Ground Transport: Taxis are available to city center; approximately an hour's drive



 

Domestic Air Services & Transportation
   Domestic air services have  greatly  improved over recent years.  However,   railways,  bus and  steamer services  still  needs improvement for the convenience of visitors. The clients will  travel by reliable Air Mandalay or Yangon Airways or Air Bagan ATR- flights and by air - con vehicle. Baggage  allowance  on domestic  flights is  limited  to 20kg. Excess  luggage can be  left in  Yangon  hotels  for collection on return from up country.

    Air-conditioned coaches, mini vans and cars can be arranged for tours inside the country. In remote areas, air-conditioned car or bus may not  always  be  available and  travelers are  advised  that  the conditions of roads in Myanmar are not the same. Due to poor road conditions, long distance overland travel generally takes longer than the traveler might expect, averaging only 45-50 kilometers per hour.

Passport & Visa
  All visitors to Myanmar are required to carry a valid passport and a Myanmar visa. The passports must be valid for six months beyond the intended stay. Visa applications may be made at any Myanmar Embassy or consulate. Visa on arrival only applied for nationalities with no Myanmar Embassy at their country. A separate visa is required for each child over seven years of age, even if traveling on their parent’s passport.

  Tourist visas are valid for two months from the date of issue for stays of 28 days in Myanmar. Business visas are valid for three months or six months from date of issue, depending on the type granted.



 

Airport Tax
Airport tax for International flight is USD (or)     FEC10. But there is no tax for domestic flights.

Entry Visa
Valid Passport with Entry Visa is required for all visitors to Myanmar. Visa can be obtained at any Myanmar Embassy or Consulate abroad. Visa fee is US$30 per pax. For clients who do not have Myanmar embassy, and can’t  apply for visa in their own country, we can arrange for Visa on arrival.



 

Documents Required For Visa On Arrival
Please send us following information at least 3 weeks ahead of the arrival date. After Visa is approved, we will send you the document and in the mean time will inform the respective  international airline to let them  check in without Visa in the  passport yet. 

  • Full name (as appear on passport)
  • Date of birth
  • Passport number
  • Nationality
  • Occupation
  • Father name
  • Home address
  • Confirmed  arrival flight number with booking reference code (PNR)

1 copy of photo (file is not bigger than 1000 KB) . Visa fees & service charges is US D 40/pax. This price is subject to change and varies between nationals.   After Visa is approved, we will inform your international flight to let you check in without Visa in your passport.   So it is important for us to know your international (arrival & departure) flight number and your booking reference (PNR code).

How We Make Your Itenrary
Major sightseeing tour itineraries include a variety of religious and historic monuments, a rich cultural and artistic heritage and  beautiful scenery. Not only the above, we also seek  out  other  attractions,  like interesting  local  markets, festival,  traditional  handicrafts and  cottage industries, and will serve the opportunity to meet local people in their own environment.

Also included are opportunities to try regional cuisine and to  see  typical or  traditional forms of  entertainment.

By including  such  extra  dimensions,  we  make  any  visit  to Myanmar a richer,  more  rewarding and  memorable experience.



 

Health
There are no compulsory vaccinations but it is advisable to take precautions against malaria. Prescription drugs are not widely available and visitors should bring any  required  medication  with them. Insect repellents are recommended, in conjunction with other measures to prevent mosquito bites. The sun can be  remarkably  hot so a hat and  sun block cream is  advisable.

Hotels

The hotels accommodation standards in Myanmar now very widely,  especially in  terms of  quality and availability.  New  and  refurbished  hotels  meeting international standards are availability in most of the destinations  like  Yangon,  Mandalay,  Bagan,  Inle Lake,  Kyaing Tong,  Ngapali  Beach,  Ngwe Saung Beach and Chaung Thar Beach.

In the remote areas very basic and simple hotels are available.



 

Food
Myanmar cuisine use rice as staple dish, usually served with  curries of meat or fish  and  variety of  side  dishes  like vegetables, salads, soup, condiments etc.  Curries tend to be less chili- hot than those served in Thailand,  In order to give travelers a  true feeling  for the country,  our restaurants and foods are carefully selected for hygiene as well as gastronomic considerations. Meals  &  drinks  at  International  Hotels  are considerably expensive.

There are many good local restaurants with almost the same quality of food and hygiene as hotels but at much more reasonable  prices. They  serve  various  dishes  of  Myanmar, Chinese,  European (  French and Italian ),  Thai  and  Indian cuisine. But roadside small restaurants are not recommended, as it can be risky for health.

Shopping
Myanmar arts and crafts, mostly hand-made, are best souvenirs.  Lacquer  ware ,  wood   carvings ,    tapestries ,  silverware,  brassware, silk and cotton fabrics and shoulder-bags are some of the favorite items.

For jewelry, there are Myanmar rubies, sapphires, jade and pearls  available  at  Myanmar  gems  shops.  All  gems  and jewelry   purchased  should  be made  through  government licensed dealers, who provide vouchers for export.

Bargaining is essential for obtaining goods at reductions of up to 50% are not uncommon.



 
Customs

All foreigners are to declared, jewelry, electrical goods and  cameras to the Customs at the  Airport. Export of antiques is totally  prohibited. Only gems and  jewelry  purchased at  the licensed dealers, or who can issue  an  export  permit are allowed to be taking out of the country. Visitors may bring in duty free 200 cigarettes, one quart of wine and one pint of perfume.

Baggage may be inspected before departure. Laptop computers can be brought in freely for your own use.

Cancelation Policy
Most hotels have twenty-one (21) days notice for  groups  and  seven ( 7 )  days notice  for individual travelers.

Some have strict cancellation and deposit policies especially for bookings of River cruises and beach hotels.



 
Telecommunication

Most hotels have IDD lines, but please be aware that the  costs  are very high with average cost of a call  to  Australia,  Europe  and  USA  approximately USD 8 per minute. So, if you wish to call home, our suggestion is  to  call  and ask the other side to call you back.

  Your mobile  phone can be  brought in freely, but there is no roaming services in Myanmar

Tipping
Widely practiced, in addition to hotel and restaurant service charges shown on bills.

Porters expect approximately 500 Ks per bag; slightly more at airports. 



 

Currency & Exchange
The monetary unit is the Kyat (pronounced chat), which is divided into 100 pyas. The official exchange rate is about 6 Kyats to US$ 1.For the convenience of the visitors, Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs) are issue by the central Bank of Myanmar to be used  during  their stay. FECs are  acceptable  like  US dollars by used in the Union of Myanmar. It is printed on the note  as  1FEC = 1USD is printed on the note. Regardless of the visa type,  there  are no more  compulsory  exchange of  FEC 200 upon arrival at Yangon airport.

Credit Cards
You can use credit cards.  Euro  and  other currencies  are  difficult  to  use.



 

Some Useful Advices
Extra personal insurance is recommended for possible cases of illness, or  situations where  medical  evacuation  by air is required. It is required to dress decently  within  the  precincts of  religious  buildings. Light clothing is required all year- round but a sweater or jacket may be needed in hilly areas, especially during winter months. If visiting during rainy season (May-September) an umbrella or raincoat will be required. Shoes and socks must be removed at pagodas and monasteries.

  Travelers are advised to keep away from touts who may approach them to exchange foreign currency or to sell gems of dubious quality.

  Travelers are also advised not to drink tap water, purified bottled water is available everywhere. Photography in airports, and near any  military  installation is forbidden.Please  use  discretion when  photographing people,  who may  have  superstitions against this. For close-up shots, always ask first.

Important Notes

( 1 ) Inside Yangon airport, there is a money exchange counter for anyone who may wish to exchange, however it’s not compulsory, but only as per their own decision.

( 2 ) Regardless of the visa type are no longer compulsory for the exchange of FEC 200 each upon arrival at Yangon airport.