Historic Myanmar

Yangon - Pyay ( Thaye Khitayar Old City ) - Taungoo (Kaytumadi) –  Bagan - Mandalay - Amarapura –Yangon (   07 Days / 06 Nights  )

 

•    The Union of Myanmar history date back to early 11th century, when “ King Anawrahta ” unified the country and founded the “First Myanmar Empire” in Bagan.
•    “The Second Myanmar Empire” was founded in mid 16th century by “King Bayint Naung”.
•    And the last and “The Third Myanmar Empire” was founded by “King Alaungpaya” in 18th century (A.D. 1752). After that Myanmar had been ruled for hundred years under colonial administration. On the 4th January 1948, Myanmar has become independent country. Union of Myanmar, known as the Land o Golden Pagodas and also rich with Cultural heritage, glittering Temples and Pagodas and unspoilt beauty rewarding experience to the Tourist.

 

 

Day 1: Arrival Day (D)

Arrive at Yangon International Airport, warmly welcome by guide and transfer to hotel. Evening sightseeing in high lights of Shwedagon Pagoda, a magnificent, shimmering spire of gold rising 326 feet ( 99.3m ). Myanmar Buffet Dinner and Cultural show at Karaweik Palace Restaurant (a royal barge on the lake in Kandawgyi Relaxation Zone, when the guests have a chance of seeing traditional dance). Overnight in Yangon.

 

Day 2: Yangon – Pyay (Thaye Khitayar Old City )  (B) (By Coach)

Breakfast at hotel.  At ( 09:00 )am, pick up by guide, depart to  Pyay, ( The historical city of Thayekhittaya ).    ( 6 hours driving )
On the banks of Ayeyarwady, Pyay is only a few miles from the ancient city site of Srikhitera, or Thayekhittaya as it is known in Myanmar, It was the capital of Pyu kingdom that emerged in the 2nd century BCE and was flourishing by the 4th Century. Beikthano, 80 miles ( 128km) away as contemporary Pyu Kingdom, ruled by the beautiful maiden queen, Pantwar. Beikthano was conquered by King Duttabaung of Thayekhittaya but, according to myth, the queen although much loved, never forgave him and brought about his downfall. It was more likely that Thayekhittaya fell to invading forces from the east and within a century the Pyu race disappeared, assimilated into the Myanmar. The civilization left beautiful gold jewellery and records in 8th century Chinese annals of their gracious lifestyle.
Enjoy your lunch at on the way restaurant. Arrive at Pyay ( 15:30 )pm, proceed  sightseeing in  Thaye Khitayar (Sriksetra), an ancient “Pyu” Capital lies 8 km southeast of Pyay (PROME) located 285 km north west of Yangon. Archaeological discoveries indicate that the city at stained its height of prosperity between the 5th and 9th centuries. Pyay is easily accessible by road or by rail and Shwe San Daw Pagoda, Sedat Kyi Buddha and Central City are worthwhile to visit.  Shwe San Daw Pagoda,  Pyay has a lovely pagoda on a hill, the Shwe San-Daw. A few miles up-river from Pyay there are cliffs of Akaut Taung Hill where the rock-face is carved in high-relief images. Shwe Bon Thar Muni Pagoda, According to legend, the Shwe Bon Thar Muni Buddha image was one of three replica of the Maha Myat Muni Buddha image, which was believed to have been cast in the Buddha image. Before check in hotel, take a dinner. After that drive to hotel, check in and overnight in hotel.

 

Day 3: Pyay-Taungoo  (Kaytumadi)     (B) (By Coach)

After breakfast, excursion to Taungoo (Kaytuamdi) City. The old royal capital of Taungoo, in Bago division about 220km (136miles) north of Yangon, was the seat of one of the most powerful post-Bagan dynasties and its enduring legacy in the town is the remains of a grand palace compound. Most of the walls of the palace remain, as do part of its moat.  The town also boats many famous temples and monasteries, some of which were built by rulers of the rich and prosperous Taungoo (or Kaytumadi) dynasty to earn merit.
The Taungoo dynasty was founded in 1486 by King Mingyinyo, Who occupies an important place in Myanmar history as its first king. He was succeeded in1531 by his son, King Tabinshwehtee, who four years later launched a military campaign that united much of the country. One of the dynasty’s most famous Kings was Tabinshwehtee’s brother-in-law, Bayintnaung (1551-1581), who consolidated its control over present-day Myanmar and achieved stunning successes in military campaigns against Manipur, in north-eastern India, in 1560, and Ayutthaya, the capital of Siam (Thailand), in 1569. The dynasty’s last king was Natshinnaung who had a great love of literature and continues to be revered for his contribution to Myanmar poetry. The most interesting tourist destinations in and around Taungoo. Other well-known Pagodas in the town include the Myasigone, Kaungmudaw and Myatsawnyinaung temples. Taungoo is a gateway to the teak forest of the Bago Yoma (mountain ranges), where the attractions include Pho Kyar and Seinyae elephant camps.       Efforts are also being made to develop hot springs in the surrounding hills into tourist destinations.  Evening back to Pyay and overnight in Pyay.

 

Day 4:  Pyay – Bago ( Hantharwaddy ) – Yangon (B) (By Coach)

Breakfast at hotel, pick up by guide and check out hotel. Back to Yangon, on the way excursion to Bago (Hantharwaddy), about two hours’ drive from Yangon, was once the capital of the mighty 16th century kingdom of Hantharwaddy, for many centuries under the Mon and Myanmar Kings, seat of the Second Myanmar Empire. During its golden era it was an important seaport and trade centre but is now a small, busy town dominated by the golden spire of the Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda.   Bago is famous for its cheroot industry and is also an important centre for trade in rice salt, dried fish and handicrafts.
Many travelers to Bago stop of about 65 kilometers (40 miles) north of Yangon at the small village of Kazine to buy traditional medicine products made of preserved scorpions or herbal concoctions that are reputed to heal strokes. These unusual products, displayed in jars and bottles of various sizes, are on sales at roadside stalls.
Sightseeing highlight :
Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda, one of most famous sites in Bago is the Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda, whose golden spire reaching to a height of 114 meters (374 feet) dominates the city’s skyline. The pagoda was badly damaged by the 1930 earthquake and it was not until nearly 25 years later that the spire was rebuilt at its present height has grown as a result of rebuilding projects that usually follow earthquakes. The pagoda enshrines two hairs from the Lord Buddha and is one of the most revered Buddhist pilgrimage destinations in Myanmar. The pagoda’s museum exhibits a range of ancient Buddha images made of gold, bronze and stone discovered after the pagoda was damaged by earthquakes.
Kanbawza Thadi Palace, is the name of an imposing palace built by the founder of the second Myanmar Empire, King Bayintnaung (1551-1581 CE), whose seat of power was the grand capital of Hantharwady, now known as Bago. The palace was destroyed many years ago but detailed descriptions of its design on ancient palm-leaf manuscripts enabled architects to reconstruct a replica in its place. Excavations at the palace site began on 1990. As archeologists excavated the foundation they found a huge ring designed to display what are regarded in Myanmar as the Nine Noble Gems, though the gems were missing. The size of the ring suggests that it could only have been worn by a king, perhaps Bayintnaung himself.
The palace site covers more than 3844 hectares (9500 acres) and excavations have exposed the bricks foundation and many teaks pillars. An archaeological museum at the excavation site hint at the grandeur of the original Palace.
Shwe Thar Lyaung, one of the famous sites in Bago is the 180ft (54.8m) long Shwe Thar Lyaung, a beautiful reclining Buddha image that was discovered in the 19th century under the jungle that had covered it. Workers found it when a railroad was being built and it was restored to its deserved splendor.
Mya Thar Lyaung Reclining Buddha Image, near the Shwe Thar Lyaung is the Mya Thar Lyaung reclining Buddha image, which is 82 meters (270feet) long. This image was built in 2000 as an act of Buddhist merit by a woman who contributed $100,000 towards the cost of its construction. The image is 19 meters (63feet) high and is hollow, enabling visitors to go inside. Evening back to Yangon and overnight in Yangon.

 

Day 5: Yangon - Bagan (B) (By Flight)

Morning check out hotel and drive to airport, fly to Bagan ( morning flight ).
Bagan is the one of the richest archaeological sites in Asia, and main tourist attraction in Myanmar.. Bagan was the seat of power of the First Empire of Myanmar, founded by King Anawrahta, which extended to the border of present day Cambodia. The thousand-year-old temples of which over two-thousand are left of the original four-thousand are living places of worship maintained through history by public and state funds. The majestic temples and golden pagodas are symbols of the time when Theravada Buddhism first flourished in the country, after King Anawrahta gave it full support in the 11th century. Some scholars think that the temples were made of bricks baked in kilns fired by wood from trees felled around Bagan, which transformed the once lush area to arid land. However, early records described Bagan as already being a hot, dry area. Bricks found at Bagan often bear stamps showing the names of towns or villages many miles away in every direction.
Arrive at Nyaung U airport, First stop this morning will be to visit the morning market in Nyaung U. Ranked amongst the great cities of the ancient world, the glory that was Bagan can only be imagined. Shwe Si gone pagone pagoda, at Nyaung U ( this golden – domed pagoda was left unfinished on King Anawrahta’s death and completed by his successor King Kyansit-tha. ), Kyansit-tha Umin ( Not far from the Shwezigon  a cave complex off the tourist route, it has murals from the 13th century. ). Htilominlo Temple, built in A.D. 1211 by King Nantaungmya. Nanpaya Temple, one of the oldest ancient monuments in Bagan, built by King Manuha in 11 century equipped with stone window for lighting and airy into the interior part of the cave with stone Shinbin Thalyaung Temple, inside this long, low hall of brick is a large reclining Buddha Image in the pose of death, for the head rests on a pillow and is not supported by the hand. After lunch, excursion to Lacquer wear factory and sightseeing and shopping the ancient time till today, master-pieces of Lacquer wares are the pride of Bagan. Those who visited Bagan can’t control anymore without buying souvenirs such as ashtrays, bowls, jewellery boxes, trays and so on. Gawtawpalin ( King Narapati Situ built this graceful temple )
Panoramic view of sun setting land Bupaya Pagoda (  Not far from Gawtawpalin is a pagoda spire in the shape of a gourd in the bank of  Ayeyarwady river.  Overnight in Bagan.

 

Day 6 : Bagan-Mandalay (B) (By Flight) (By Coach)

After breakfast, morning flight to Mandalay and sightseeing in Mandalay. Mandalay was founded in 1857  by Myanmar’s second last monarch King Mindon, who was the most religious of his dynasty, and remained the capital city of the Konboung, Myanmar's last dynasty He earned merit from many pagodas and hundreds of monasteries that he built in Mandalay and its environs. Notable sites are the Maha Muni, Kuthodaw and Kyauk Taw Gyi Pagodas as well as those of Mandalay Hill. And evening the unforgettable sunset view of Mandalay Hills. It gave the city its name. Although the city was officially named Yadanabon or “Mound of Gems”, people always called it after the name of the hill. The hilltop offers unforgettable sunset views of the city, the palace walls and the Ayeyarwaddy River. Dinner and overnight in Mandalay.
Maha Muni Image:         The Maha Muni Pagoda was built to enshrine the Maha Muni image, nearly 13ft (4m) high. It is covered with so much gold leaf that its body has lost all proportion. Only the face, washed with ceremony each dawn, is not allowed to be glided. Each of the four walkways leading to it has a different character according to the wares sold in the shops. One with lined with the descendents of the Brahmin astrologers who served at court, practicing the same profession of telling fortunes and writing astrological readings on elaborately palm-leaf packets for new-born babies. And next is
Mandalay Palace:  It was destroyed during World War Two and a replica was built in 1995. The exact copies of the original pavilions and throne rooms are to be seen there. And the next is
Shwe Inn Bin Monastery:   The Shwe Inn Bin Monastery was built strictly according to the rules of monastic architecture whereas the Golden Monastery was first constructed at the royal pavilion and has no exact monastic structure. It is a beautiful building, well over a hundred years old, with ancient-style doors that swing upwards
Kyauk Taw Gyi:     Great stone’ image at the foot of Mandalay Hill also earned merit for King Mindon. The image was carved from a single block of alabaster. To consecrate the image he painted in the eyes. The Sagyin quarries near Mandalay where this block was mined are still in production.
Evening visit to Amarapura, This was a capital before Mandalay was built but now both cities have spread so much that Amarapura has no discernable borders with Mandalay. Once a royal city, now it is where the best craftsman of the country have their ateliers. There are silk weavers, bronze casters, wood carvers and other artisans. Amarapura is also the site of a beautiful Chinese Temple, built before Mandalay became the capital.
U Bein Bridge:      This mile (1.6km-)-long wooden bridge across Taung Taman Lake was built with discarded palace timbers which have stood firm for over 150 years. Monks and lay people stroll its length in the evenings, looking out over the placid waters of the lake. The beer and iced-drinks stalls on the banks sell fried fish caught fresh from the lake.  Another Kyauk Taw Gyi Pagoda built in 1874 is on the far bank of Taung Taman Lake. Its design is based on that of the Ananda of 11th century Bagan although it is smaller. There are 19th century murals showing famous pagodas as well as the lives of the villagers. Overnight in Mandalay.

 

Day 7: Mandalay – Yangon    (B) (By Flight) – departure day

Next morning, check out hotel, drive to airport, and fly back to Yangon. Arrive at Yangon domestic airport, transfer to International airport for your departure.

 

Price Include:

•    Accommodation in Twin share room at 4 stars hotel with breakfast
•    All inland transportation with private air conditioned vehicle
•    Domestic Flight Fares (Yangon – Bagan – Mandalay – Yangon)
•    Entrance Fees for specific program
•    Porter Charges ( 2 Luggs: per person)
•    English Speaking throughout Guide

 

Price Excludes:
•    Meals , Beverages, Laundry service,
•    Personal insurance
•    Visa
•    International Flight Fares and Airport tax.
•     Mini bar and Telephone, Fax, Email and Internet call.
•    Nature of other personal use.

Tour Cost : US$ ( per person )

Market Cost Duration 2 pax 4 pax 8 pax 10-15 pax single
Asia Asia 7 Days 1550 1210 1020 950 555
Europe Europe 7 Days 1685 1350 1160 1050 600